Definitions starting with D

ID #1987


/don/ preverbal marker. [Atlantic; this form probably derives from an African completive marker such as Mandingo tun (Dalby 1972:180) converging with English done; cf. OED do "The 16th c. Scottish poets extended periphrastic use to.. done discus discusser] indicates completed action: 1966 She done got a big pan (Crowley 51). If yeen ear da sin dum blow it away; da buds dun caar it ta da nest (Brown 36).

<>Note also the use before adjectives as a subcategory of verbs as well as before adverbs: 1977 We late now—we done late (Shilling 76). When they get here, I done home long time (ibid). (Black)

done been [Vir. idem (Highfield); also Gul., U.S. Black (Hancock p.c.); from DONE + BEEN] indicates completed continuing action: 1929 Dey done bin spillin' an' wastin' good flour (Defries 122).1966 B' Booky done been t'ief the chickens (Crowley 91).

done v. [cf. OED, finished]

1. [Car.; Gul. idem (Parsons 1923:159)] to finish: 1918 Taste done pot [i.e. food can be eaten up while cooking through too much tasting] (Parsons 143). I can't done my food (Nassau).

2. [from done + verb + -ing, influenced by completive DONE + verb] to be finished (doing something): 1918 De ol' lady t'ink Jack mos' done cook (Parsons 23).

3. [Gul. idem (Parsons 1923:72); from the Eng. past participle] to be finished cooking: 1979 What time this duff ga done? (Shilling).

4. [cf. def. 3] to be ripe: The sisal when it done it does be white (Long).

5. [W Car.] (of supplies) to be exhausted: 1975 Sponger Money Never Done (a song) (Albury 189).

done with that phr. an admonition: make an end of it; don't mention it again: Chile, done with that! I don't want you fuss no more! (Nassau).

Tags: phrase, preverbal, verb

Related entries: -

Last update: 2012-01-17 11:29
Author: Holm and Shilling, DBE, 1982
Revision: 1.2

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